22 November, 2011

Gastronomy Students in Level 4 & 5

I am still waiting to hear from you. I would like to plan a make-up final exam on Thursday or Friday of this week if possible. Please contact me before the exam Wednesday, as I will be less likely to extend the possibility of a make-up exam if you do not.

Barnes Foundation - Level 4 & 5

Here is a link to watch the documentary Art of the Steal, which talks about the story of the Barnes Foundation. If you have any questions about vocabulary, because I can't find a subtitled version, don't hesitate to ask.

For those of you who may have missed class, you can find the summary of the Art of the Steal on wikipedia to be a helpful resource to the basic topics we covered. Both the documentary and the wikipedia are biased on the topic, as it is a highly debated topic. For a more thorough history on the foundation, you can look at the wikipedia page on the Barnes Foundation. There you will also see images of the painting that are in question. You can also visit the website for the new location, in Philadelphia on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway (the museum corridor). The new location will be opening with a black-tie gala event in May 2012 for privileged members.

20 November, 2011

Speed Dating Profile & Quetions

I thought this had already been posted. My apologies.

Male Example: REX

You are in your thirties but you don’t want to settle down yet. You take great care about your appearance. You like sports and action films. You work for an advertising agency. You like going to the pub, restaurants and the cinema. You smoke 20 cigarettes per day, but don’t admit to it easily.

Female Example : SANDRA

You are 25 years old , but you find men of your own age immature. You like going to the cinema and theatre. You do amateur dramatics and are attracted to outgoing (extrovert) men. You hate smoking.

Now create your profile card. You can create an imaginary person, or base the card on yourself. Take a look at the questions that may be asked to help you prepare. Be creative and have fun – but stay professional!

Speed Dating Profile Card


Hometown/Current town:


Professional Goals:



Bad Habits (ex: biting fingernails):

What do you want/not want in a partner:

Interesting/strange facts about yourself:

Example Questions

1) What do you do for work? It may reveal the professional status of a person but little about his personality. So move on to another question.
2) Where are you from? - This reveals background. It throws better light on the person.
3) What is the one thing about yourself that you would like me to know? More insight into personality.
4) When was your last relationship and how long did it last? A probing question that will open up the communication.
5) What are you looking for in a relationship? You can both instantly compare whether you match in this area.
6) What do you think is the most important value in a relationship?
7 ) Do you want to marry or have you ever been married? This is important, as it will reveal if both are moving in the same direction - towards or away from marriage.
8) What do you look for in a husband/wife? Try to elicit an honest answer.
9) Do you want/do you have any children? An important question if you are looking for a long-term relationship and your partner is not.
10) What do you do for fun? - This will throw light on whether your leisure activities match. Are you a bookworm and she an outdoorsy person?
11) What are you most proud about? This reveals the basic values of the person - whether he/she values money or adventure/ intellectual pursuits.
12) Is religion important to you? 24x7 living together means understanding on certain basic issues like religious beliefs.
13) Do you follow politics? Are you a Democrat or a Republican? You can spar on your political affiliations.
14) Do you believe in love at first sight? You can decide whether he/she is a romantic person or not.
15) What is your most treasured possession and why? What a person is sentimental about reveals a great deal about his personality. Is it his bike or a locket presented by a sister?
16) What is your favorite month of the year and why? Does he like to sweat it out in summer activities or curl up like a cat in winter?
17) Which is your favorite book/movie? Both of you can discuss why you like a book or a movie - throws further in sight into personality.
18) Which is the last book you read? A conversation starter.
19) Which is the one job in the world that you would love to do? Throws light on likes and dislikes.
20) Which is your favorite music and your favorite singer/band? Do you share musical tastes?
21) Do you like animals/keep pets? Are you going to clash on this issue - one an animal hater, the other a pet lover?
22) How do you spend your spare time? This is important, as it will really help if both love to do the same things in spare time.
23) Where do you see yourself in five years time? Watch out if he has no definite goals for the future and is in a rut. A positive mark for her if she has her life and career planned out positively.
24) If you were an animal in the wild, what would you be? Silly, amusing question to get the laughs.
25) Do you believe a cup is half empty or half full? Are you an optimist or a pessimist?
26) If you could travel back through time, what single mistake would you correct in life? What are the deepest regrets of a person?
27) You have got six months to live, what will you do first? Insight into personality.
28) Is sexual compatibility important to you? Do opinions match?
29) Who was your hero, as a child? Insight into personality.
30) If you won a lottery, how would you spend your millions? Amusing question just for laughs.
31) Which was the first crush you ever had? Reminiscing sentiments.
32) What makes you laugh/cry? Really important and throws light on personality.
33) If you have friends coming over, what would you cook?
34) Describe your perfect holiday. One thinks frozen Alaska, the other sunny Australia.
35) Which T.V. program would you never miss? Do our tastes match?
36) What is the last CD you bought?
37) Are you a morning person or a night person?
38) Would you like to climb a mountain or trek across a desert? We will never agree on holidays.
39) What adjective would a close friend use to describe you? Friendly or idiotic.
40) If you could live anywhere in the world, where would it be?
41) Into which personality’s shoes would you like to step for a day? Says a lot about your taste.
42) Who is you favorite actor/actress/celebrity and why?
43) Who is your favorite sportsperson?

44) What is your favorite sporting activity?

45) Which is your favorite genre of movies - comedy/thriller/action?

16 November, 2011

Level 4 & 5: Wednesday's Notes/Final Info & Review

**UPDATED - An Idiot Abroad Link Monday, 21.11.2011**

Today in class for Levels 4 & 5, we finished reviewing the questions for an article together.

We ended class by watching An Idiot Abroad Season 1, Episode #2 - India.

We will have the final on Wednesday, November 23rd. Please inform me of any scheduling conflicts. Topics covered will include:
  • Tourism Marketing Presentation - Various topics, see related blog post.
  • Internet Vocabulary & Review from the first Quiz
  • Speed Dating - make sure you are familiar with how to introduce yourself, and ask an introductory question to someone else.
  • Questions - I'm going to be looking for examples of questions you could ask in a work situation. I will also be looking for questions in response to an article.
  • Idiot Abroad - be familiar enough with the episode to answer reaction questions about Karl's trip to India.
  • Monday, November 21st, we will be discussing the Dr. Albert C. Barnes, who's death marked the start of the Barnes Foundation. This foundation was started to protect his private art collection, which is now valued at over $25 billion.
If you have any questions, don't hesitate to post them in the comment section.

Level 3: Wednesday's Notes/Final Info & Review

Today in Level 3, we finished reviewing the questions for an article together. After I gave a brief summary of Thanksgiving. We talked about what the class already knew of Thanksgiving, and I explained the history:
Thanksgiving is a holiday celebrated the third Thursday of November each year in the United States. (It is also celebrated in Canada, but not on the same day) It is based on the story of the first Thanksgiving feast (a large dinner) shared between the Pilgrims and the Native Americans (or Indians). Only 50% of the Pilgrims who arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts survived the first winter. That spring, the Natives showed them how to farm, hunt, and fish. The exact date of the first Thanksgiving is unknown, but it's purpose was for everyone to give thanks for the harvest and each other. This tradition continued, and George Washington declared the first feast of Thanksgiving as a country in 1777, during the Revolutionary War. Now Thanksgiving means eating turkey, pumpkin pie, celebrating good times with family and friends, and being American!
We ended class by watching Season Five's episode #9: Slapsgiving 2: Revenge of the Slap of How I Met Your Mother. It reinforced the idea that Thanksgiving is about family for Americans.

We will have the final on Monday, November 21st, at 8 am. Please inform me of any scheduling conflicts. Topics covered will include:
  • Tourism Marketing Presentation - Various topics, see related blog post.
  • Internet Vocabulary
  • How to Describe Celebrities - we played a version of Times Up and it's to test what you learned by playing it in English.
  • Speed Dating - make sure you are familiar with how to introduce yourself, and ask an introductory question to someone else.
  • Questions - I'm going to be looking for examples of questions you could ask in a work situation. I will also be looking for questions in response to an article.
  • Thanksgiving - be able to give a brief explanation of the meaning of Thanksgiving
If you have any questions, don't hesitate to post them in the comment section.

13 November, 2011

Mid-November Update

Before the vacation, we had our first Quiz, as well as Presentations. Some of us had a chance to play a version of Time's Up, a game called Celebrity as well, where we described celebrities or famous people without using their names within a time limit.

On returning from Toussaints, we played Speed Dating. This activity allowed each member of the class to create a dating profile, and have many fake dates in a short period of time. The sample profile and dating questions can be found by searching 'speed dating' within the blog.

Wednesday November 9th, we also had a Questions lesson, in which we discussed commonly asked questions, and responses between a tour guide and their group. A list of these questions and responses follows. Consider which of these questions could be asked in a work environment, or changed to ask in a different work environment, other than tourism. We discussed how the best question in your secondary language should be, 'What is this/that?' This is all you need to know in order to ask for more information about anything!

Tour Guide Responses:
Think about how these can be used in any circumstance.

Do you have a question? Do you have any questions?
I'll try my best to answer your questions.
I don't have the answer to that. I'm afraid (Excuse me, Pardon me) I don't know
Is there something I can help you with?

There are responses which can give you time to think about a response.
That's an interesting question.
Hmm, that's a tough (difficult) question.
I've never been asked that before.
I'm not sure but I can find out for you.

Tourist Questions:
The questions in blue have been changed to be appropriate for any work environment.
Where is the _____ ?
What is that over there?
How long has ______ been here?
Where are we going now?
Where are the bathrooms/ restrooms/ toilets? Where is the ladies'/ mens' room?
What time is ______ open until? When does the museum close? What are your hours?
Which ______ do you recommend?
Where's the best place to buy ______?
Is there something cheaper? Will I get a discount?
What else is there to do here? What else can I do?

Tour Guide Explaining Rules or Etiquette
It is forbidden to take photos.
Please meet back here in an hour.

What are the cultural differences here?
Are there any rules to follow while visiting?

It is customary to tip servers and bartenders in the United States.
Although the trip is all-inclusive, it does not included alcoholic beverages.
In this region, we bow instead of shaking hands.

Today, Monday, November 14th we did an activity in which we read fellow classmates articles, and then came up with questions to ask our partner about the article they chose. We will finish this activity on Wednesday.

I used an article, about a retrospective Exposition of Diane Arbus at the Jeu de Paume in Paris, from the New York Tmes as an example, with the following questions:

Where is Diane Arbus from ?
What is she famous for?
Where can I see her photographs, and how do I get there?
What is her subject matter?
What makes this show different from others?
How much will it cost to enter?
What do you think of the show?

The final for this year will be on Wednesday, the 23rd of November. It will feature a short review of the first Quiz, as well as questions about the Presentations, and include topics from Speed Dating, the Questions lesson, and the video lesson we will have on Wednesday this week.

19 October, 2011

Drinking Culture

We discussed some questions, in groups, about drinking in general.

How often do you drink per week or per month?
Who in your group drinks the least/the most or not at all?
What is the drink you like the most?
What is the most popular drink in your group?
What country do you think drinks the most as a group, why?
Who was the youngest when you had your first drink, who was the oldest
?Where did you have your first drink, with famiily or with friends?
Where do you prefer to drink and why?
What are some things you don't like about drinking?

We listened to This American Life, a non-profit radio show in the U.S. The episode was no. 396: #1 Party School, and about drinking at a large University located in the middle of nowhere in Pennsylvania. The link to the episode and transcripts can be found here. If you are interested by beer, there is a good documentary on beer called, American Beer. You can see a trailer for it here.

We discussed how U.S. wine consumption surpassed French Wine consumption in March 2011. Americans consume 329 million cases of wine. An example of a successful wine seller in the States is Gary Vaynerchuk, who started his website in 1997 to sell wine. He now sells 60 million dollars of wine a year through his site. He offers video wine reviews through his site as well.

Link to the article with episode and transcript:
Link to Gary's video review of Saumur & Chinon Wines:
Gary's Review of Chateau Clinet in Pomerol, Bordeaux with Owner:

18 October, 2011

Class October 12th & 17th

Wednesday the 12th in levels 4 & 5, we worked on dialogues. After, we watched a small comedic clip on wine tasting in California's Sonoma Wine Valley.

Wednesday the 12th in level 3, we played a game.

For anyone who missed the Quiz on Monday the 17th, please contact me. There will be a retake with a new quiz tomorrow the 19th at 14h30.

10 October, 2011

What went wrong?? Niveau 4 & 5

Products don't always sell well in a new market. Think about these situations, and what went wrong. Often times, the advertisers did not consider the target audience when they created the product of the campaign.

Western companies had problems selling refrigerators in Japan until they
changed the design to make them quieter.

Japanese prefer quiet when in their homes.

In Saudi Arabia, newspaper advertisements for an airline showed an
attractive hostess serving champagne to happy passengers. A lot of passengers
cancelled their flight reservations.

Alcohol is forbidden in Saudi Arabia, and women are to be humble and covered.

An airline company called itself Emu, after the Austrailian bird. But
Austrailians didn't want to use the airline.

The emu is a large, flightless bird.

A TV commercial for a cleaning product showed a little girl cleaning up the
mess her brother made. The commercial caused problems in Canada.

Reaffirms the sexist idea females should clean up after male counterparts. There is a long history of feminism in Canada.

Several European and American firms couldn't sell their products in Dubai
when they ran their advertising campaign in Arabic.

Dubai is an international and multi-lingual city. Besides Arabic, Hindu, Urdu, Bengali, Tamil, Chinese, and other laguages are spoken.

A laundry detergent ad had a picture of dirty lcothes on the left, a
picture of the product in the center, and clean clothes on the right. The soap
didn't sell well in the Middle East.

In Arabic, you read from right to left, thus making the product appear as though it makes your clothes dirty.

A company had problems when it tried to introduce instant coffee to the
French market.

The French drink short, strong, espresso style coffee which is not possible to have with instant coffee. Also, coffee is drank in cafes and during "pause café" more so than at home where you would make coffee. If you drink coffee at home in France, you usually have a machine than makes good coffee.

A toothpaste manufacturer couldn't sell its product in parts of South-East

In some cultures, people still use natual products like nuts, leaves, and twigs to clean their teeth. In some cultures, these natural items will stain or color your teeth more yellozw. This comes from an old belief that staining your teeth is a sign or welth or importance within the community, and was also used on women after they were married.

An American golf ball manufacturer launched its products in Japan packed in
boxes of four. It had to change the pack size.

Four is an unlucky number in Japan.

Make sure you consider these points when thinking about your target audience
for your presentations.

Describing People - Niveau 3

Everyone loves people watching from the café. There are many ways to remark on someone’s outward appearance, and to describe someone’s style, ethnicity, and clothing.
• Look! He / She is wearing…
• He / She looks like he / she is …They look like they are…
• They have the appearance …
• Those people are … That person is …

Descriptive Words
• tall – grand(e)
• well-built / shapely (f) – bien foutue
• little / short – petit(e)
• buff (m) – bien baraqué
• a midget – un / une nain(e)
• scrawny – un sac d’os
• hunchback – bossu(e)
• tanned – bronze(e)
• pale – pale, palot
• long-haired – chevulu(e)
• hairy – poilu(e)
• chunky / chubby – grassouillet(te)
• fat – gros/grosse
• skinny – maigre; maigrichon(ne)

Attractive People
• handsome (m) – beau
• beautiful (f) – belle
• cute – mignon(ne)
• pretty (f) – jolie
• stylish – à la mode
• really fashionable – glamour
• hip – branché(e)
• trendy – tendance

• a lean face – un visage fin
• a friendly / likeable face – une bonne piffe
• a good “mug” – une bonne gueule
• a round face – la tête arrondie
• a square jaw – un visage carré
• beady eyes – des petits yeux
• good measurements – de bonne mensurations
• a nasty mop of hair – une sale tignasse
• a bad figure – un physique désagréable
• a tiny head – une petit tête
• a big head – une grosse tête
• homely – un / une laideron(ne)
• slimy – un gros porc
• dirty – sale
• a fat sausage – un boudin

• kids – les enfants
• teens – les ados
• wino – le pochetron ; le poivrot
• bum – le / la clochard(e)
• a thug – un voyou
• spoiled rich kid – un fils / une fille à papa
• ladies’ man – un tombeur
• good ol’ boy – un bon bougre
• redneck – un pequenot
• hick – un plouc
• jock – le sportif / la sportive

• White trash – les beaufs
• The rich folk – Les costume-cravate
• Bible-Thumpers – les culs bénis
• The commuters – Les métros-boulet-dodo
• Hippies – les babas cools
• The bohemians / yuppies – Les bobos

Put in Practice You now have a choice of several photos. With a partner, I want you to imagine what type of life the person in the photo has. Describe their physical appearance, but also what you think they might act like. Tell me things you think they are interested in and like to do. Make fun of them a little if you would like.

09 October, 2011

Niveau 3 Grammar Review

Here is a revision of simple present and present continuous.

Vegetarians are people who don't eat meat.
Look out! My husband is coming.
Some people still think the sun goes round the earth.
I play tennis every weekend.
Who is sitting in my chair?
What happens in golf if you lose the ball?
An alcoholic is a person who drinks too much.
Look! She's wearing the same shoes as me.
What are you looking at?
I am staying with John for a few weeks.
We usually stay with Peg when we are in Chicago.
Can you explain why water always runs downhill?
The refridgerator is running.
What are you doing with my coat?
Not many passenger planes fly faster than sound.
We are flying today.
How long was your flight?

I think he's away.
You know what I mean.
She is always complaining.
We always start at nine.
While the butter is melting, you take three eggs and break them into a bowl.
I am thinking about your father.
Scientists believe the weather is changing.
I don't see what the problem is.
Why are you looking at me like that?
Now I understand what she wants.

Where were your shoes made?
Did you go out last night?
What were you doing at 10:30?
Where was your mother born?
Has Barbara gone home?
What time did she go?
When were these houses built?
Did Jim arrive yet?
Why did you go home early?
How long have they been married?

Joe has lost his passport.
This bridge was built ten years ago.
Have you finished your work yet?
This town is very clean. The streets are cleaned every day.
Where were you born?
Where are you from?
I have just made coffee, would you like some?
Glass is made from sand.
This is a very old photograph. It was taken a long time ago.
Joe has bought a new car.

06 October, 2011

Web Vocabulary & Questions

The internet will only continue to be used more and more in the future. If you plan on having a career in tourism, or any career at all, it is not only important to be able to speak some English, but to familiarize yourself with the language used when discussing websites and web marketing. This lesson aims to help you discuss websites better. All vocabulary you are expected to know is in green.


Web Browser – (navigateur) There are four common browsers, Microsoft Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, & Apple Safari.

The Web Browser is a software with a window composed of a Title Bar, Address Bar (Lien), Search Bar (Recherer), Favorites (Favoris), Tool Bars (bar des utils), a Scroll Bar (défilement de dialogue) and RSS Feeds (flux). Can you locate these in your browser? There is also, the Back (retour) and Forward (suivant) buttons, Refresh/ Reload (actualiser), Stop (arrêter), and Home (acceuil) buttons. Click that arrow and a menu will drop down, this is a drop-down menu, which there are many kinds. Hit the stop button to stop the process of loading a web page.

The link provided here is an in-depth look at the parts and pieces of a browser. It is a good reference for more English regarding surfing the web.


Before building a website, you have to have content that you want to publish to the internet. What you read, look at, or watch on the site is known as the main content. It is the subject matter of the website. You can have some websites that are concerned with a variety of content, and it is usually separated and organized within the navigation or menus.

There is usually a Main Header – or usually the top of the site, that has the name of the website inside it. For example, Google has one of the most famous headers which doubles as its logo (even if it is freauently changing on certain days). Also, even though it appears as though it is floating, it is still a header. After that you will sometimes have a search bar, like with Google or Youtube, but with other sites you will have a Main Navigation, Menu or Links, and sometimes Secondary Navigation, Menu or Links. At the bottom of most pages you will also find a footer, which acts as an index and another set of navigational links for the site.

When in the process of designing a cite, there are four main things that are considered. General Layout, Colors, Text Hierarchy (how big is each title, or the text you read, or the text of links and buttons), and Imagery – background images, moving or static, photographs or drawings.

Websites are like houses. You can build them out of different Web Languages, for example: HTML, XHTML, CSS, Java, Flash, XML, jQuery, PHP, Sql, and some others. Each language works differently to achieve different things. All websites use the basic HTML language. Once you have the basic building materials, you can construct many different parts of the website, and not every website has exactly the same things.


After the basic and standard website, there are many things you can add to a website for advertising purposes. A basic type of advertising is banner ads, which can appear horizontally or vertically anywhere in the site. Another type is known as rich media. It is advertising such as videos or moving parts which react to the user’s cursor or mouse movements.

Multimedia campaigns or cross-media campaigns are when advertising firms decide to use more than one area of the web for the campaign, or choose to incoporate printed ads, like in magazines. This includes launching a website, with a Youtube video, and a corresponding Facebook page, and even Twitter pages. Frequently, firms will release one of the pieces of the campaign in advance of the others in order to build hype, or excitement leading up to the launch of the full (finished, complete) campaign.


What do you use the internet for mostly aside from e-mail, social networking, and media (such as music, movies, and television)?

How many hours a day do you honestly use the internet, including listening to music, watching streaming or downloaded videos, and using the internet from your phone?

How many hours per day/week do you spend on the internet?

Could any of you live without the internet and would you want to?

Do you think we spend too much time on the internet? Why?

What is the best/worst thing about the internet,? Be specific, ex. favorite site or pop-ups;

Is the internet dangerous? Why?

Do you ever meet people from the internet? Is this dangerous?

What sites do you use to plan trips or vacations?

What parts of your vacation do you use the internet to plan? Do you plan just the flights, or accomodations as well?

How do you plan your trips meals? Do you search for stores online, on your phone, or do you wander around?

Do you plan restaurants online? Do you often look for the menu to a place online?

There are many free sites for creating blogs, which could be useful for your presentations, including:

Sites regarding tourism:
For transportation and/or places to stay-

For organizing things to do on your trip: - general site for travel planning - Strange and urious travel desitinations - Not For Tourists, a website providing reviews to many frequently visitied cities. - an American site that allows users to review restaurants, bars, and more and give ratings, similar to la fute & routard

04 October, 2011

Université d'Angers Webmail Problems

For those of you whom are trying to contact me, please direct any e-mails to my GMAIL account, as the University Webmail is currently down. I have no news on when it will be operational, and I have not been able to access it since Sunday.

Thank you in advance.

03 October, 2011

Travel Advertising Campaign

The finished product will be a 2 - 3 page paper, in complete sentences on your process. Explaining why you choose to market a tour or destination in the way that you chose. You will present on October 24th for 5-10 minutes. I will stop people after 10 minutes. You will have access to the computer and projector, as well as internet.

Select one of the following topics to choose as the subject of your media campaign by the end of the week (7th October): (If you are feeling motivated, create a product of your own. Be sure to verify with me first.)

  • The Island of Dolls, near Mexico City, Mexico

  • Chernobyl, Ukraine

  • Waitomo Glowworm Caves, New Zealand

  • North Korea

  • Death Valley, California

  • Nebraska or Kansas
The job of advertisers, no matter what the product, is to make the product look attractive. You must know the target audience of your product, who you are trying to sell to; and think of the types of things they are going to be interested in. You want to capture their interest, and convince them the new tour is cool and worth their money.

Imagine you are in charge of developing these aspects of the advertising campaign for a travel package. Imagine I am the head of your agency; you will be "pitching" (giving) your ideas to me in a presentation format.

Your presentation must address these area of the advertsing campaign.

SLOGAN - catchphrase, motto, or tagline of your product. It is something memorable.

BUZZWORDS - developed from your brainstorm of what the product should be, these words generate interest and describe your product

TARGET AUDIENCE - this is exactly who you are selling to; you should know their age, where they are from, what kind of interests they have

MEDIA - Viral/Internet or Multimedia/Multiplatform Campaigns with Print. There are many different ways to get information out to your audience. Based on your choice of a website, facebook page, twitter account, or other types of internet and printed media, will change how your audience will interact with your brand. I want you at the very least, describe the look of your advertisments. You can choose to support your description with photographs or other visual support. The sky is the limit, you can make facebook pages, a powerpoint presentation, whatever you would like to do. Keep in mind, its still an English project, and your use of English is being graded.

SUMMARY - Conclusion; it is a presentation, so remember its important to have a few short closing remarks.

Here are links to the travel campaigns we looked at in class and others.

Montana, There's Nothing Here : : The Roaming Gnome : Griswold Hotel Hell Vacation :

Chicago's the Field Museum, Sue Escapes :

This is My Milwaukee :

Post any questions to the comments section.

27 September, 2011

CV (Updated) & Job Interview Questions

Sorry about the delay on this post. Please let me know if you have any questions.

Name - Most important, with your contact and personal information being secondary. Should be the first thing on your CV.
Photo - Is optional, and in the US, it is mandatory that you DO NOT include a photo. Make sure it is an appropriate photo, and of a standard size.
Phone - If applying outside the country, include country code, in France +33, and do not include the zero at the front of your French cell phone number.
Address - Can be formatted differently in each country. In English, we normally capitalize the first letter of the name of the town or city.(49100 Angers, France)
e-mail (should look like this, all lowercase, optional to have this before your mail since '@' makes it apparent its your e-mail address): can be presented in blue, but is not necessary. If you do not already have a professional e-mail address, now is the time to get one.

An objective is an optional thing. Normally, an objective consists of one short sentence stating the type of job or work you are looking for. This type of information can be included in you letter of motivation, also known as a cover letter. Note: when stating numbers within sentences, if it is under ten, write the word out (ten, nine, eight, etc.) , instead of using the numeral (10,9,8..).

Degrees or Diplomas -
Year started – Present.
ex: 2009 – Present First, the University or School you are currently "enrolled in/ attending" : you have not finished.
Next, the degrees you have completed / finished :
2009 Bachelor's of Tourism, University of Angers,
2006 Lycée Baccalauréat (High School Diploma), specialty (if any), with honors (high standing)
Any training with education courses and certification you may have completed.

Format / Style : Consistency
Try to keep each type of information looking the same, ie. dates, years or months, Job Titles, Companies. Each item should look the same so that your prospective employer can easily find it.
Fonts - Use only one, can be as small as 9pt, and even 7/8 pt in most cases, and still easily read. This will help you keep everything to one page. Use a professional font. Do not use fonts like Comic Sans and Papyrus.
Different types of treatments: Title Case, Sentence case. CAPS, CAPS LOCK. (Capital letters)

Full Time, Part Time, Internships & Short Term
Full Time (abbv. FT) in the US, Full Time work means 40 hours a week, each day a one hour lunch break, and two weeks paid vacation. Each job offers various types of health insurance coverage, normally, that you pay a portion of out of your salary.
Part Time (abbv. PT) in the US, Part Time means anything under 35 hours a week. This sometimes and sometimes doesn't included health care or paid time off.
Internships - are lumped into three categories, paid, unpaid, and work stipend. Paid would be an internship in which you receive hourly wage or a salary, as a normal employee. Unpaid - you earn no money. And a work stipend is a weekly or monthly sum that goes towards transportation or other expenses you may have.

Helpful Terms
CEO - Chief Executive Officer
VP - Vice President
HR - Human Resources
PR - Public Relations
EU - European Union
401 K - American Retirement Account, K = thousands, 1000s

Not Necessary to Include with main Employment -
Short Term - seasonal work, temporary employment
You don't have to explain how much you worked. (For example, how many days a week, or how many hours a week) If you were employed for 2 years, you should say that. You can explain how much work you did at the interview.
This is the same for being paid. Sometimes a job will ask for your salary requirements, and you can include this is your letter of motivation/cover letter. It should be based on previous salaries or an entry salary.

Programs / Computer Skills
A basic way of noting general computer use without being specific would be to say. This only states you know how to turn a computer on and use it. This skill alone will not help you get a job in today's market.
Proficient in PC Environment & File Management.

Levels of Computer or Software use: Expert, Proficient, Intermediate, Beginner.
Daily use is also acceptable.

ex: Expert in Microsoft Office in a PC & Mac environment. Microsoft Office includes all the software in that package, including Word, Excel, Powerpoint, etc.
Proficient in HTML, CSS, and Content Management Systems. If you know any modern internet computer programming or languages, even if you just have a blog or a twitter, you may want to include that. Having strong connectivity on the internet can only help you get jobs these days. Creating a LinkedIn page and including the address on your resume could also be helpful.
Beginner in Adobe Flash and iMovie. It's also important to show you have interest in other software. This shows you encourage yourself to learn new things as well. You never know if this interest could be helpful in a job that you would like to have.

DO NOT list surfing the internet as a skill. Anyone can do it. Same goes for e-mail.

The levels are native (refrain from using your mother tongue), bilingual/fluent (you can speak the language fluently and without hesitation), conversational, and then levels of good, moderate/intermediate, basic/beginner/novice. Written and Spoken can have two different levels, specify if so.

Recommendations / References
Due to privacy concerns, most references would prefer that you keep their information confidential. In order to do this, I place on my CV "Available Upon Request". This means that if an employer really needs my references, they can ask me, and I would be more than happy to notify my reference that someone would be calling them or e-mailing them, and then passing the contact information on to my prospective employer.

If your job listing asks for references, I would list it as follows

Name, Title, Company, Location (optional), Phone, e-mail

Top 10 Job Interview Questions
Most people in charge of hiring tend to ask the same questions. The best way to prepare yourself for an interview, besides dressing well, is to make sure that you practice responding to the questions they are likely to ask. Then, you won't hesitate during the interview and you will seem more confident.

The link to this list of interview questions can be found here, and there are many more lists of questions like this on the internet.

23 September, 2011

Eiffel Scholarship

This was sent to me by the University. If there are any foreign Masters students that are interested in applying, I would be more than happy to write a recommendation. Sorry, this scholarship is not available to French nationalities.

The Eiffel Programme offers funding for:
- a Master’s postgraduate degree course
- a 10-month jointly tutored and jointly supervised component as part of PhD course,
preferably during the 2nd or 3rd year.
The Eiffel excellence programme is run by the French Ministry of Foreign and EuropeanAffairs. Focusing on three key subject areas of sciences, economics and management, law and political science, its primary aim is to offer scholarships in French higher education establishments to future public and private sector decision-makers in foreign countries.
As regards the Master’s degree course, students pursuing careers in teaching and research are not eligible as they can benefit from other grant programmes.
It also seeks to encourage applicants from developing countries, particularly in Asia, Latin America, Eastern Europe, the Middle East and the new EU Member States, although this does include industrialised countries for the PhD component.
The Eiffel Programme is designed to help French higher education establishments attract high-calibre overseas students. Only French higher education establishments can submit applications and, if successful, they must enrol the candidates in the requested courses to obtain the Eiffel grant.
More information can be found on their website.

22 September, 2011

Changing Levels

I have an opening for one student from my M1 Niv 4 Group to move to a Niv 3 course with Prof. O'Riordan, if someone is interested. She is the Irish Professor.

I am also willing to move students from my M1 Niv 5 Group to my Niv 4. If anyone is interested in switching down, please contact me. Thank you.

21 September, 2011

Past Simple VS Past Continuous

You know Past Simple, here's a look further into Past Continuous, which is harder to grasp.

The Basics - Simple Past
There are two principal past tenses used to make general statements about the past: The past simple and the past continuous. The two tenses are quite different. Use the past simple to talk about an event which happened at some point in time in the past.

------ point in time, one moment something occurred ---- use PAST SIMPLE

Tom flew to Chicago last week. (point in time – last week; thing that occurred - Tom flys)
Peter visited his friends in Florida two months ago. (point in time – two months ago; occurred – Peter visits)

The Basics - Past Continuous
The past continuous is usually used to refer to events happening at the same time that something important happened in the past.

They were doing their homework when she arrived.
Jack was studying while Dave was cooking dinner.

The past continuous is also used to express what was happening at a precise moment in the past.
I was attending a lecture at 2.30 yesterday afternoon.
Alice was reading a book at six yesterday evening.
Past Simple Structure:
Subject + ( Verb + ed –OR– Irregular Past Form ) + Objects

I, You, He, She, We, They -> played golf yesterday afternoon.
I, You, He, She, We, They -> went lunch at noon.
Subject + did not (didn't) + Verb + Objects

I, You, He, She, We, They -> didn't go on vacation last summer.

Subject + did not (doesn't) + Verb + Objects
(Why, What, etc.) + did + Subject + Verb + Objects?

Did -> I, you, we, they -> attend the meeting last week?
Past Continuous Structure:
Subject + conjugate the helping verb "be" + verb + -ing.

I was, You were, He was, She was, We were, You were, They were -> sleeping when I arrived.
Subject + conjugate the helping verb "be" + not + verb + -ing.

I wasn't, You weren't, He wasn't, She wasn't, We weren't , They weren't ->
working when he came into the room.


Question word + conjugate the helping verb 'be' + subject + verb + -ing

What -> were you, they -> doing at seven o'clock?
What -> was I, he, she -> doing at seven o'clock?
Study the Past Simple and Past Continuous in Depth:

Here are detailed guides to the past simple and the past continuous tenses. Each guide provides situations, common time expressions used with the tense, as well as examples.
These guides were prepared beginners and include dialogues and a short quiz. You can use them to review.
Past simple with the verb "to be" for beginners
Past simple with regular and irregular verbs for beginners
It's also important to know your irregular past simple forms which are included in this list of the most important irregular past simple and past participle verb forms

Since, For, All

When something happened
When did you start (working/classes) today?
I started at 8 am.

When did you first start working at Disney?
I started in May of 2009.

When would you like a reservation?
I would like a reservation for 2 weeks, from December 13th to the 30th.

How long something happened or will take place

How long did you have work/classes for today?
I had classes/work for eight hours today.

How long did you work for?
I worked for eight hours.

How long did you work at Disney?
I worked at Disney for one year.

How long have you been learning English?
I have been learning English for 10 years.
I have been learning English since I was 8 years old.

Since and For
((Time in the past, ex 1992))------- continuous action still happening-------- use SINCE

---continuous action that happened in the past OR is still happening (( 4 years )) ----- use FOR

She's been working with us since May. (continuous action – working)
She's been working with us for a year.
I haven't worked at Disney since September. (continuous action – not working at Disney)
I haven't worked at Disney for a month.
I have been a tourism student for five years. (continuous action – being a student)

Since can also be used to replace because.

He cannot come to dinner, since he has karate class.

We use neither for or since with all ( all day/all night/all of my life).
It is still a continuous action, all is used with past present and future tense.

----continuous action that happened in the past and consumes a unit of time (( a day of classes))--- ALL

I had classes all day.

I've lived here all my life.
We partied all night.
The event took place all day.

Present Perfect

You can use the Present Perfect to describe your experience. It is like saying, "I have the experience of..." You can also use this tense to say that you have never had a certain experience. The Present Perfect is NOT used to describe a specific event.
• I have been to France.
• I have been to France three times.
• I have never been to France.
• I think I have seen that movie before.
• He has never traveled by train.
• Joan has studied two foreign languages.

Change Over Time
We often use the Present Perfect to talk about change that has happened over a period of time.
• You have grown more mature from your year abroad.
• The travel industry has become more interested in eco-friendly tourism.
• Japanese has become one of the most popular courses at the university since the Asian studies program was established.
• My English has really improved since I moved to Australia.

We often use the Present Perfect to list the accomplishments of individuals and humanity. You cannot mention a specific time.
• He has walked the Appalachian Trail.
• Our son has learned a lot from working in Africa.
• The students have finished their week of exams.

An Uncompleted Action You Are Expecting
We often use the Present Perfect to say that an action which we expected has not happened. Using the Present Perfect suggests that we are still waiting for the action to happen.
• James has not finished his homework yet.
• Susan hasn't mastered Japanese, but she can communicate.
• Bill has still not arrived at the airport.
• The rain hasn't stopped for a week.

Multiple Actions at Different Times
We also use the Present Perfect to talk about several different actions which have occurred in the past at different times. Present Perfect suggests the process is not complete and more actions are possible.
• The army has attacked that city five times.
• I have had four quizzes and five tests so far this semester.
• We have had many major problems while working on this project.
• She has talked to several specialists about her problem, but nobody knows why she is sick.

Travel Talk

Where have you traveled ? or travelled ??

Where have you been ? Where have you visited ? Countries, cities, regions – as tourism students most of you enjoy traveling, and love to discuss the places you’ve seen and the cultures you’ve experienced. This lesson is to help you become more acquainted with the correct grammar of discussing your travel history.

Travel, Trips, Cruises, Vacations
There are many ways to describe travel. In English, a journey is usually a long period of time. For example, a journey abroad would be more than one month somewhere, with more than one destination.

A vacation is normally a trip taken with the main concern being leisure. In British English, this is known as a ‘holiday’. For Americans, a holiday is: any day of exemption from work. In America, you normally have two weeks vacation time per year, so it's important to relax during this time. You want to relax and enjoy your time in a 'laid-back' fashion. You can have a vacation that takes you to more than one place, and takes over a month. It the purpose of the vacation that makes it a vacation or holiday, and not a journey.

“I was on vacation in Florida last week.”
“We took a vacation last month to Canada.”
“The French are always on holidays the month of August.”

A trip is usually to list one destination. For example,

"We took a trip to New York City for the weekend."
Road-trip is taken in a car, truck, van or camper/RV.
"We took a cross-country road-trip to California on Route 66, it was a real journey."

Cruises are pretty obvious, they are on a boat. They can be for a multitude of reasons. There is Cruises for Senior Citizens, focusing on an age-group with similar interests. Cruises for single people, looking to date while on the Cruise. Family Cruises, Adventure Cruises, Sight-Seeing Cruises (to Alaska for example.)

"Journeys & Voyages"

A journey is often seen as being a long trip with multiple stops.
I took a backpacking trip to Europe. It was a real journey.
Marco Polo journeyed to China and back again.

A voyage is similar to a journey, being very long, but on a boat.
Christopher Columbus took a voyage across the Atlantic to discover "the West Indies".

19 September, 2011

First Days Notes - Niv 3 Group A

Past tense Review -

She was in New York. (to be: I was, He/She/It was)
You were in New York.
They were in New York.
The people were in New York. (Persons is acceptible in British English)

She went to New York. (to go: I went, He/She/It went, You went, They Went, We went)

Please assure that you pronounce your 's' at the end of words.

Who's been where?

Where have you been?
There is more than one way to ask this question.

Where have you traveled to?
Where have you lived?
What countries/cities have you visited?
Where are you from?
What’s your favorite place you have visited?
Where is the worst place you have spent vacation?

More questions...

How many times have you visited this place?
How long did you live in the place?
How long did it take you to get there?
How did you travel there?
Was it expensive?
Would you recommend this place to someone else?
Why were you there, for work or for pleasure?
Where did you stay/live? Did you have an apartment or house? Did you like the neighborhood?
What did you do there in your free time? On weekends?
What did you like to eat there? Did you eat at home or at restaurants?

Where would you like to go?
There is many ways to ask this question as well.

Where is your dream place to travel to?
Where do you plan on visting next?
Where is a place you haven’t been, that you would like to go?

More questions ...
Why do you want to visit… ?
How do you plan on getting there?
Where will you be staying?
How long will you be staying there for? Will you visit more than one city?
How do you plan on getting around once you are there?
What will you visit when you are there? What do you plan on seeing?
Do you prefer traveling for leisure, touristic sites, or adventure?

Intro Expectations & Grading

Expectations & Grading
• Attendance – 5%
Attendance is mandatory in accordance with University of Angers standards as well as the IMIS-ESTHUA policy that no absence is excused without a valid Doctor’s Note, Transportation Strike, or Emergency. You will lose points for not coming to class, or consistently showing up late.
• Participation – 10 %
Your participation will directly benefit your English. The more effort you put into class activities, the more you will get out of this class. Participation includes individual & group in-class assignments, pronunciation, and your efforts at preparing written material, including grammar, vocabulary, and syntax. This also includes an assessment of your displayed level of comprehension and ability to express yourself in English.
• Unannounced Review Quiz – 20%
This will be a short review of the things that we have learned up until this point.
• Group Presentation – 25%
This will be assigned on October 3rd with an in-class presentation on October 24th.
• Final Exam – 30%
This will take place on November 21st, and review the entire semester.
Subjects Covered • Tourism
We will focus on traditional tourism, as well as modern ideas like eco-tourism and trends like trekking.
• Technology
There will be a great deal of discussion of the internet, travel websites, and other current technologies.
• Culture
I will share certain aspects of the American culture, the more fun ones of course.
Building English Language Expression
• Purpose
Each class I will explain the goal of each course, why I have chosen the subject matter, and what you should try to gain from the lesson and activities.
• Lesson, Grammar & Vocabulary
Each class I will explain some aspects of English that will help you to finish the in-class activity, or to help you respond to the discussion of articles. This is to help you build upon the English you already know.
• Increase Written Expression; Ability to Speak & Conversate
The idea is to help you find the way to express yourself in English with more confidence, and be able to discuss the subjects you will be required to discuss one day in the tourism field; as well as topics you want to discuss or communicate with others.

14 September, 2011

Welcome Fall Semester 2011 Students!

This blog is created as a resource for access to all links and documents used in class. It is not only eco-friendly because it will save paper, but is updated frequently with new information. You will be able to access any of the information from this class long after you take your exam for your class. You will see some of the information from past classes is already posted here, and any lesson that I choose reused is updated with new material.

Feel free to contact me with questions or comments. (Or you can post your questions directly to the blog for all to see and benefit!)

15 March, 2011

Past Simple & Continuous

Simple Past
There are two principal past tenses used to make general statements about the past: The past simple and the past continuous. The two tenses are quite different. Use the past simple to talk about an event which happened at some point in time in the past.

Tom flew to Chicago last week.
Peter visited his friends in Florida two months ago.

Past Continuous
The past continuous is usually used to refer to events happening at the same time that something important happened in the past.

They were doing their homework when she arrived.
Jack was studying while Dave was cooking dinner..

The past continuous is also used to express what was happening at a precise moment in the past.
I was attending a lecture at 2.30 yesterday afternoon.
Alice was reading a book at six yesterday evening.

Past Simple Structure:
Subject + Verb + ed OR Irregular Past Form + Objects
I, You, He, She, We, They -> played golf yesterday afternoon.I, You, He, She, We, They -> went lunch at noon.

Subject + did not (didn't) + Verb + Objects
I, You, He, She, We, They -> didn't go on vacation last summer.
Subject + did not (doesn't) + Verb + Objects

(Why, What, etc.) + did + Subject + Verb + Objects?
Did -> I, you, we, they -> attend the meeting last week?

Past Continuous Structure:
Subject + conjugate the helping verb "be" + verb + -ing.
I was, You were, He was, She was, We were, You were, They were -> watching TV when I arrived.
Subject + conjugate the helping verb "be" + not + verb + -ing.
I wasn't, You weren't, He wasn't, She wasn't, We wasn't, You wasn't, They wasn't -> working when he came into the room.
Question word + conjugate the helping verb 'be' + subject + verb + -ing
What -> were you, they -> doing at seven o'clock?What -> was I, he, she -> doing at seven o'clock?

Study the Past Simple and Past Continuous in Depth:
Here are detailed guides to the past simple and the past continuous tenses.
Each guide provides situations, common time expressions used with the tense, as well as examples.
These guides were prepared especially for beginners and include dialogues and a short quiz.
Past simple with the verb "to be" for beginnersPast simple with regular and irregular verbs for beginners
It's also important to know your irregular past simple forms which are included in this list of the most important irregular past simple and past participle verb forms

Story Telling
Telling stories about yourself is a good way to practice expressing yourself in another language. It helps you to familiarize yourself with the words that you use in your native language, and their equivalent in English. People tend to tell the same stories over and over again, so it naturally gives you practice, by being able to repeat the story. Here are some examples of types of stories you might tell.

• Talking about an outing with your friends (dinner, hiking, the theatre, etc.)
• A story from a hard day at work, or a funny day at work
• Expressing how horrible or how awesome an ex-boyfriend/girlfriend was
• Telling someone about an awesome vacation you had, or just part of it.

Stories are told from beginning to end, like a film. However, you need words that will help you transition from one part of the story to the next, to show the order in which things happened. These words are known as linking words, and you should be familiar with most of them already.

Firstly, First of all, To start off with, Initially,
Sidenote: You can also begin with when the story took place.
Yesterday, Last week, This morning, About a year ago, When I was,
Firstly, I began my day by going to the Art Museum
First of all, I was at the bank in a long, long line.
To start off with, it was raining all day long, and we had forgotten our umbrellas
When I was living in Spain during my internship, I met a lot of cool people.

Then, After that, Next, As soon as / When + full clause, ... but then Immediately,
Sidenote: The order in which you choose to use these words is entirely up to you.
They are also optional. However, they help a story progress.
Then is probably the most regularly used, and it is often used repeatedly.
Then, we had desert, and the waiter brought us free Champagne.
After that, I decided I would never date an American guy again!
Next, they decided to go skiing and I decided to drink hot chocolate in the lodge.
As soon as the train arrived, we realized we were on the wrong platform.
When I got to the ticket window, I couldn't find my wallet.
We thought we had enough gas to make it to the station, but then the car stopped.
Immediately, I came here to tell you about it.

Interruptions / New Elements to the Story:
Suddenly, Unexpectedly,
Suddenly, this guy came stumbling down the street, completely drunk.Unexpectedly, they surprised me on my birthday.

Events Occurring at the Same Time
While / As + full clause During + noun (noun clause)
While I was checking in to the hotel, my friends were buying groceries for the room.During the meeting, I was so bored, I mainly sat and drew pictures of my boss.

Finally, In the end, Eventually, Lastly,
Finally, I ended up going to my family dinner anyway.In the end, the flight was cancelled and we couldn't go on our trip.Eventually, the parade stopped and everyone went home.Lastly, it was decided to extend the trip by one more day.
Providing Reasoning
In addition to telling a story in a certain order, at times you will want to provide reasoning. Here are some examples of other words to use besides because to explain Why something happened.
When an adverb clause begins the sentence use a comma to separate the two clauses.
Example: Because he had to work late, we had dinner after nine o'clock..
When the adverb clause finishes the sentence there is no need for a comma.
Example: We had dinner after nine o'clock because he had to work late.
• They received a high mark on their exam because they had studied hard.
• He works a lot of overtime because his rent is so expensive
Because can be used with a variety of tenses between the clauses.
• Since he loves music so much, he decided to go to a conservatory.
• They had to leave early since their train left at 8.30.
'Since' means the same as because. 'Since' tends to be used in more informal spoken English. Important note: "Since" when used as a conjunction is typically used to refer to a period of time, while "because" implies a cause or reason.
As long as
• As long as you have the time, why don't you come for dinner?
'As long as' means the same as because. 'As long as' tends to be used in more informal spoken English.
• As the test is difficult, you had better get some sleep.
'As' means the same as because. 'As' tends to be used in more formal, written English.
Inasamuch as
• Inasmuch as the students had succesfully completed their exams, their parents rewarded their efforts by giving them a trip to Paris.
'Inasmuch as' means the same as because. 'Inasmuch as' is used in very formal, written English.
Due to the fact that
• We will be staying for an extra week due to the fact that we haven not yet finished.
'Due to the fact that' means the same as because. 'Due to the fact that' is generally used in very formal, written English.
Try to use a variety of words to make your story more exciting. Early on in English writing classes, we are taught to stray away from words like “nice” and “bad”, because they are not very descriptive. They are generic and tend to be over used. Try to use interesting and more powerful words, like, “fabulous”, “beautiful”, “amazing”, “terrible”, “boring”, “awful” to help you exaggerate the main points of your story.
In class, we prepared stories to read to each other. We wrote 15 to 20 sentences minimum. The focus of this activity, as with all, is practicing your verbal speech. If you finish, please practice reciting it with another classmate.

06 March, 2011

Class Expectations

Prof. Samantha Schlegel
• Contact –
samantha.schlegel @
samanthaschlegel @

Expectations & Grading
• Participation - Oral & Group Activities, Pronunciation, and LISTENING • Project – Utilization of Lessons to Prepare a Presentation or Group Project • Evaluation – Scheduled outside of class, 3 to 5 minute interview

Subjects Covered
• Basic Grammar – Even within higher levels of English, Grammar will be reviewed.
It is the building blocks of learning a language
• Technology - Used the world over. e-mail, websites in English, social media and networking, software, hardware, standard vocabulary.
• Tourism & Business – The focus will be the oral aspects: conducting phone conversations,
Ordering lunch, Business Meetings, and other vocabulary specifically related to Tourism.
• Culture – It’s always necessary to learn about who speaks a language in addition to learning it.
You will be presented with material and multimedia that presents English speaking culture.

Building & Continued Interest Topics
My style of teaching approaches each class and individual differently. I will work to incorporate subjects you are interested in learning about into my course planning. I will observe weaknesses, and construct grammar reviews around this. I will observe strengths and attempt to build your vocabulary and current language. • Please contact me with any topics you may be interested in covering this semester.

• Questions & Topics, Debates
• Some Prepared Responses & Presenting
• Increase ability to Improvise Speech & Conversation


You must follow the University Policy. Absences are only excused with a Doctor’s Note, Transit Strike, or other serious issue. I expect to be contacted in ADVANCE about missing class, not one or two days after you missed my class. If I have to be here, so do you. Please be respectful of my class, entering late you will also cause you to be counted as absent.